If you’re shopping for coffee beans for your business and you’re not sure what to look for, read on – this guide will help you understand the differences between basic types of coffee and break down coffee jargon, so you can decide which variety it is. right for you.
The two distinct species of coffee beans are Arabica and Robusta. Arabica originated in Ethiopia, while robusta came from Uganda. Both are now grown in various other regions of the world, and most of the coffee is marked to show which country and region it was grown in. In general terms, arabica is preferred to robusta, with a much stronger and more distinguished flavor; Robusta can be bitter and weak in taste; however, the taste also varies depending on the region the coffee comes from and the processes it undergoes during cultivation, transportation, storage, and preparation.
You will often find that coffee is described in terms similar to what you might find in wine tasting: the three main categories used are flavor (such as ‘sweet’ or ‘spicy’), aroma (such as ‘floral’ or ‘chocolaty’ ), body (such as’ medium-bodied or ‘full bodied’) and acidity (which refers to how strong or ‘clean’ the coffee tastes, NOT its pH).
When you buy coffee beans you will buy them already roasted, however, you can roast them at home if you wish. Roasting opens up the flavor of the bean and the extent to which the beans are roasted varies; For example, you can buy ‘medium roast’ beans, ‘Italian roast’ beans (‘Italian’ refers to roasting; it does not indicate that the beans came from Italy), and so on.
Origin of the Bean
Generally, there are 3 regions of the world where the best coffee beans are introduced and each region produces coffee with unique and distinct flavors.
Region 1: Latin America
You can require beans originating from Central and South America, the Caribbean, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, and Mexico to possess the following flavoring characteristics:
Light, sweet and balanced body with high acidity.
To maintain shine and minimize bitterness, these beans should be light to medium roast.
Latin American beans are easily enjoyed with all breakfast foods, toasts, and muffins.
Region 2: Africa / Arabia
Coffee beans are grown on the continent of Africa, in the Middle East, and the Arabian regions tend towards the following flavors:
Medium body and acidity with an almost syrupy sensation.
The suggested roast for coffee from this region is dark, to balance complex flavors that can range from spicy to chocolate, wine-like to citrus.
Enjoy Region 2 beans with milk chocolate or cheesecakes.
Region 3: Indonesia and the Pacific Islands region
Beans from Asia, Indonesia, and the surrounding Pacific Islands will have the following flavor characteristics:
Heavy body with low acidity. Rich and earthy flavors
This robust blend must be roasted from dark to very dark to obtain a rich infusion that preserves the beans with soft, floral undertones.
Region 3 bean infusions are nice with dark chocolate, caramel, and other rich desserts. Or enjoy a single cup; after all, it is an independent drink!
Several types of coffee are worth searching for, using the points above as a guide. You will be amazed at the variety of features out there, and the more you try to try the different flavors, the more expert you will become.